Most garden furniture sets and benches are made of hardwoods for a good reason. Dense, exotic hardwoods such as Teak, Iroko and other exotic hardwoods are naturally oily, making them durable, long lasting and able to withstand everything that the British weather can throw at them for a good number of years. This said however, it doesn’t mean that hardwood garden furniture sets are indestructible, and therefore need no care or maintenance.
Softwood patio furniture sets and benches are generally a cheaper option and although they do require more in the way of care and maintenance, there is no reason why they cannot or will not last as long as the more expensive hardwood furniture alternatives.
Storing garden and patio furniture away for winter may not always be an option. By following a few simple steps, outdoor furniture can be protected to ensure that it stays in tip top condition all year round, year after year.
Types of Garden Furniture Treatment
The type of treatment to use will largely depend on the type of furniture you have, if it has been previously treated or not and the condition of the wood. The following products provide everything you will need to protect, restore and rejuvenate a wide range of garden furniture types.
- Garden Furniture Oil: Essential for the care and maintenance of oiled patio or garden furniture
- Garden Furniture Preservatives: An essential for all bare wood and especially softwood garden benches and furniture to protect against mould. algae, wood rot and insect attack. Can be used on hardwood outdoor furniture too.
- Garden Furniture Paints: The perfect way to transform old or tired looking garden furniture and wooden benches. Choose from hundreds of colours to brighten up outdoor living spaces
- Garden furniture Cleaners and Restorers: Choose from a range of day-to-day cleaners to keep wooden furniture clean. These dedicated wood cleaners are formulated to be tough on dirt whilst being kind to wood oils and other garden furniture finishes. If the furniture is past the point of cleaning, a wood restorer and bring back the timbers natural colour prior to re-oiling or re-finishing.
- Garden Furniture Stains: Ideal for garden benches and other wooden garden furniture that has turned grey or silver over time. Restore or change the appearance of older outdoor or patio furniture
- Garden Furniture Varnish: These tend to be coating type finishes that are either clear or coloured and can sometimes fall under the category of a garden furniture stain. The main difference with these products is that they form a seal or film over the surface of the wood rather than penetrating into the wood grain
New Garden Furniture Care
New garden furniture can be kept looking new and protected through the winter months by following a few simple steps.
One of the key things to check is the woods oil content. If the furniture is fairly new, it’s a good bet that the wood will still retain much of its natural oil. To test this, put a small drop of Olive oil or other cooking oil somewhere on the surface of the table. If it beads on the surface and stays there for a time, the wood is well oiled and doesn’t require any more. If however the cooking oil soaks in to the timber like ink on blotting paper, it’s probably ready to be re-oiled with a garden furniture oil.
By their nature, dense exotic hardwoods have a very tight grain so it’s important to use a high quality teak or garden furniture oil that will penetrate in to the grain of the timber.
Garden furniture oils are typically available in 500ml and 1Ltr tins with the latter usually costing around £10 to £15 mark or less. As these wood oils are applied very thinly, a 1Ltr tin is usually sufficient to treat a garden furniture set of table and chairs.
Recommended Garden Furniture Oils
- Ronseal Ultimate Protection Hardwood Furniture Oil: A deep penetrating formulation of wood oils and resins for use on wooden garden furniture. Available in both clear and a range of attractive wood tone colours
- Barrettine Nourish & Protect Garden Furniture Oil: A clear, protective, wood oil for new, untreated, and weathered garden furniture
- Osmo Teak Oil: A clear, extra thin oil for teak, iroko and other dense exotic hardwoods. Available in 0.75Ltr and 2.5Ltr sizes
- Cuprinol Ultimate Hardwood Furniture Oil: A high performance furniture oil for treating hardwood garden furniture
- Osmo Teak Oil Spray: A convenient protective teak oil spray for exterior Teak, Iroko, and other exotic hardwood garden furniture
To apply garden furniture oil, simply wipe on with a brush or lint free cloth taking care to remove any excess oil from the surface.
Old Garden Furniture – Restore, Rejuvenate, Preserve
If you have a garden furniture set that has already been left untreated for a number of years, and is starting to look a little worse for wear, fear not. with a little time, effort and the help of some great wood finishing products, you can turn back the clock and restore it to its former glory.
Its worth mentioning at this point that restoring the colour of garden furniture that has turned grey through weathering isn’t to everyones taste. In fact, there is a demand for the rustic, weathered gey look. This isn’t a problem as garden furniture sets that have turned grey can still be protected and preserved while retaining the weathered look.
How to Clean and Preserve Old Garden Furniture
The process of restoring, preserving and cleaning garden furniture is usually carried out over several days, this is because some of the products used require time to work before the next stage of the renovation is carried out.
Firstly, lightly sand the surface with a 120 grit sandpaper. This is to remove any surface dirt, debris or traces of biological growth such as mould and alge. To help restore the original colour of the wood, follow the steps below. To retaine the grey, weathered look follow the same steps but skip point ‘3’ relating to the ‘Osmo Wood Reviver Gel’.
- Wipe over the wood with White Spirit or Methylated Spirits. This acts as a degreaser and helps to remove any surface contaminates that may affect the final finish.
- If the wood showed signs of mould, algae, black patches or spots, treat with Mould and Mildew Cleaner This product penetrates into the timber and kills off the mould and algae spores that surface cleaning alone wouldn’t achieve.
- To help reverse the greying affect and restore the natural colour of the wood, treat with Wood Reviver. This is applied to all surfaces of the furniture with a stiff brush or scotch pad and left for 20 to 30 minutes before being washed off with clean water. Always wear overalls, gloves and safety goggles or glasses when using this product. Leave the furniture for 24 to 48 hours for the natural wood colour to return. Depending on how long the timber has been gey, you may wish to repeat this process.
- Treat the wood with a good quality Wood Preservative and allow to dry. Although spirit based wood preservatives normally touch dry in just a couple of hours, they should be left for a couple of days if overcoating with an oil to allow the solvent content to fully evaporate from the wood.
- Once the wood preserver has fully dried, normally 48 hours or so, the garden furniture can be oiled with a specific garden furniture oil or high quality Teak Oil.
The above restoration process from start to finish will only need to be done once as subsequent years, the table and chairs will just need a fresh coat of oil.
Painted Garden Furniture
Looking for something different and unique? Garden furniture restoration doesn’t neccessarily mean returning it to how it looked when new.
Recommended Garden Furniture Paint
- Cuprinol Garden Shades: A water-based garden paint for garden furniture and other garden wood
- Ronseal Garden Paint: An all-in-one garden paint for wooden garden furniture, exterior wood, bricks, terracotta and metal surfaces
As many garden paints are water based its important to note that they can’t be used on wood that has been recently been oiled. Furniture that hasn’t been oiled for a good 2 or 3 years should be fine after a light sanding and degrease with white spirit or methylated spirit. For new garden furniture that has been oiled in the last year or two, the wood may require a more thorough sanding and thoroughly degreased with methylated or white spirit. A small test area should then be painted, ideally on the underside to test that the paint adheres and dries properly before starting any project.
Garden Furniture FAQ’s
Can’t find the answer to your garden furniture care or maintenance project above? See our frequently asked garden furniture questions and answers page, where we try to answer some of the more commonly asked questions relating to garden furniture care, maintenance, and furniture treatments.